First genetically modified salmon to hit Canadian stores as Ottawa gives its OK

HALIFAX — Genetically modified salmon raised in Prince Edward Island are poised for the leap to grocery shelves, a Canadian first that has left traditional producers concerned about setting their farmed fish apart.

Environment Canada recently gave notice it has approved U.S.-based AquaBounty to grow the salmon at its site about 74 kilometres east of Charlottetown.

AquaBounty said in a release it would begin stocking its Rollo Bay facility “as soon as possible,” with the first harvest of AquAdvantage salmon estimated late next year.

Sylvain Charlebois, director of the agrifood analytics unit at Dalhousie University, said it’s likely AquaBounty “production will be ramped up in Canada.”

“It’s a huge advantage for AquaBounty to be allowed to produce this salmon in Canada,” he said in an interview.

AquaBounty, based in Maynard, Mass., has said its salmon will contain genetic material from chinook salmon that help it reach adult size faster, creating a less expensive product.

Health Canada said it doesn’t see any need for a mandatory label to allow consumers to spot the genetically modified fish, but existing producers said they may call for that to change.

“We are reviewing it,” said Tim Kennedy, executive director of the Canadian Aquaculture Industry Alliance.

“Will there be a disruption in the … entire salmon market? We hope not. But I will say if that’s a possibility, then the response will be: somebody has to label.”

The Environment Canada certification has been most strongly opposed to date by environmental groups, who continue to argue there’s a risk to wild Atlantic salmon if there’s an escape.

However, the certifications in Canada and the U.S. could draw the traditional aquaculture industry and its lobbyists more closely into the debate, depending on how consumers react to the news of AquaBounty’s products entering the market sometime next year.

The Canadian aquaculture alliance says its members don’t farm or sell GM farmed salmon and aren’t researching the practice.

Kennedy said a push for labelling could come next.

“We are reviewing it. We recognize the United States is moving forward with mandatory labelling, as is the European Union,” he said.

“Does it make sense from a trade perspective to align more closely with our major trading partners?”

He said the industry could consider setting up a non-GM label, similar to the labelling of organic foods.

The federal Health Department has repeatedly said it doesn’t favour mandatory labelling for the genetically modified fish.

In a February letter to the Canadian Biotechnology Action Network – an active opponent of …read more

Source:: Nationalpost


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